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Shipping-line data confirm steady first-half trade demand growth
信息来源:    2014-10-22

First-half 2014 liftings data from leading container-shipping lines confirm year-on-year trade growth in the 4-5% range indicated in the throughput data provided by the world’s top 20 container ports.
The graph below shows the first-half 2013 and first-half 2014 loaded container moves reported by a selection of 12 major container carriers which between them represent approximately 50% of the market. This indicates that whilst there was significant variation between the lines achieving the strongest year-on-year volume growth (OOCL, COSCON, HMM and Maersk Line) and those which reported a drop in loaded moves (Hanjin and APL), the average year-on-year increase in the first half of this year was slightly less than 5%.

 

  First Half 2014  First Half 2013  Annual Change 
Maersk 9,278,000 8,676,000 6.90%
CMA CGM 5,902,000 5,600,000 5.40%
COSCON 4,489,000 4,112,000 9.20%
CSCL 3,953,000 3,897,000 1.40%
APL 2,894,000 2,954,000 -2.00%
Hapag-Lloyd 2,873,000 2,715,000 5.80%
OOCL 2,805,000 2,549,000 10.00%
Hanjin 2,260,000 2,317,000 -2.50%
HMM 1,650,000 1,525,000 8.20%
Zim 1,236,000 1,233,000 0.20%
SITC 994,000 946,000 5.10%
CSAV 950,000 904,000 5.10%
Total 40,354,000 38,498,000 4.80%

The outlook for second-half volumes is mixed. At the moment relatively strong growth continues on intra-Asian services, on routes between Asia, the Middle East and Africa, and eastbound on the transpacific, but the stalling of European economic growth in the second quarter could bring a slowdown on the key Asia-Europe route.
The graph below shows the evolution of annual loaded container moves for the industry as a whole over the last 10 years, based on actual data from the lines which provide this information, and estimates where such data are not available. This illustrates the long-term growth in container traffic, which has increased from approximately 93 million loaded TEU moves in 2005 to an estimated 160 million loaded TEU moves in 2014.